Tuesday, October 19, 2010

Conquer to take

Manrent, Scottish Clan treaties of offensive and defensive alliance
Gokenin, vassals of the shogunate in Japan
nöken (plural: nöker) was the Mongol term for a tribal leader acknowledging another as his liege
[edit] Notes
^ F. L. Ganshof, "Benefice and Vassalage in the Age of Charlemagne" Cambridge Historical Journal 6.2 (1939:147-75).
^ Ganshof 151 note 23 and passim; the essential point was made again, and the documents on which the historian's view of vassalage are based were reviewed, with translation and commentary, by Elizabeth Magnou-Nortier, Foi et Fidélité. Recherches sur l'évolution des liens personnels chez les Francs du VIIe au IXe siècle (University of Toulouse Press) 1975.
^ Ganshof 1939
^ The Tours formulary, which a mutual contract of rural patronage, offered parallels; it was probably derived from Late Anrique Gallo-Roman precedents, according to Magnou-Nortier 1975.
[edit] References
Cantor, Norman, The Civilization of the Middle Ages 1993
Ganshof, François Louis, Feudalism translated 1964
Rouche, Michel, "Private life conquers state and society," in A History of Private Life vol I, Paul Veyne, editor, Harvard University Press 1987 ISBN 0-674-39974-9
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vassal"

in reference to:

"The Nature of the Power to Take Private Property The power of governments to take private real or personal property has always existed in the United States, being an inherent attribute of sovereignty. This power reposes in the legislative branch of the government and may not be exercised unless the legislature has authorized its use by statutes that specify who may use it and for what purposes."
- Vassal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (view on Google Sidewiki)

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